Arkansas State University
Department of Chemistry
and Physics
Common Reagents/ Acids and Bases

Students enrolled in Dr. Draganjac's Introduction to Chemistry (CHEM1003), General Chemistry I (CHEM1013) and General Chemistry II (CHEM1023) classes are responsible for learning the names and formulae for the common acids/ bases and common reagents:
Common Acids: Common Reagents:
Strong Acids: Acetylene C2H2
Hydrochloric acid HCl (aq) Ethylene C2H4
Hydrobromic acid HBr (aq) Methane CH4
Hydroiodic acid HI (aq) Ethane C2H6
Perchloric acid HClO4 Propane C3H8
Chloric acid HClO3 Butane C4H10
Nitric acid HNO3 Benzene C6H6
Sulfuric acid H2SO4 Methyl alcohol CH3OH
Weak Acids: Ethyl alcohol C2H5OH
Hydrofluoric acid HF (aq) Propyl alcohol C3H7OH
Hydrocyanic acid HCN (aq) Hydrogen sulfide H2S
Nitrous acid HNO2 Hydrogen peroxide H2O2
Sulfurous acid H2SO3 Chloroform CHCl3
Phosphoric acid H3PO4 Formaldehyde CH2O
Phosphorous acid H3PO3
Chlorous acid HClO2
Formic acid HCOOH
Acetic acid CH3COOH
Carbonic acid H2CO3
(right click on image and  go to view image to see larger view)
Common Bases:
Strong Bases:
Lithium hydroxide LiOH
Sodium hydroxide NaOH
Potassium hydroxide KOH
Strontium hydroxide Sr(OH)2
Barium hydroxide Ba(OH)2
Weak Bases:
Ammonia NH3
Pyridine C5H5N


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